La Seconde Guerre Mondiale – Résumé en carte avec pays qui parlent

La Seconde Guerre Mondiale – Résumé en carte avec pays qui parlent


After the first world war, countries no longer want such a disaster
reproduces itself. -To avoid all that, we will humiliate Germany. Like that, she will not want to do
the war. -Very good idea ! Germany was therefore very humiliated. We reduced his army. Reduces its territory and even separated into
two by Poland. Austria was prevented from merging with
Germany. -Oulala I am very humiliated. I will not go to war. That’s for sure. But this has borne fruit because Germany
decided never to make war again face all this humiliation. Europe remains in peace and everything is
good that ends well. Well, let’s go back to our countries. A lot has happened in
between two wars but I will not list everything. Italy became fascist, Germany
became a Nazi. And Japan has continued its territorial expansion. In 1936, the fear of communism brings Germany and Japan closer together
Anti-Comintern. Italy joined the alliance in 1937. -If we are united, it is because we
do not like communists. -Oh yes, we hate it! Germany had left the society of
nations in 1933 then from 1936 she had started
to develop his army again. Officially, the League of Nations was
against this weaponry. But many countries participated in its
help. The Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and
United States indirectly funded the German armament. For Germany, it’s time to take revenge. That is, to put back in place what
had been missed because of the first world war. After the first world war, Austria separates from its territories
non-German, only the German part remains Austrian. It is therefore a reflection on the desire
to bring back Austria with the rest of Germany. But the League of Nations forbids it. But in 1938, Germany takes enough
confidence to annex Austria. This annexation scared the United Kingdom. In the end, the problem was not
for the Austrians who are a German people and therefore satisfied
to be part of Germany. The problem came from other countries where
German minority populations. And there is a country where there were big
German communities, Czechoslovakia, and to be more precise
Bohemia-Moravia. Indeed, in Bohemia-Moravia, there are many
Germans. Germany wants to annex the territory
but at the same time, the UK and France do not want
of war. Italy either does not want a
war. In 1938 took place the Munich Conference. -List Germany, we do not want war
and we want everything to come back in order. -Ben me either I do not want war. -Very well. So, you are allowed to annex the Sudetenland, that is, the areas where the Germans live. But after, we stop and you’re happy
of that. -Yes. Of course, Czechoslovakia was not
not invited to this conference. -No but we are reviewing my borders
? And me ? France, we are allies. -Excuse me but here it is too dangerous. Let’s avoid a war! -Yes but … But … You steal my territories
without asking me anything … Germany therefore annexes Sudetenland. Since it is a border region, that’s where they were built
the Czechoslovak fortifications in case German attack. As expected, the piece of Czechoslovak Silesia
is given to Poland. -Well, we avoided the war! -It was less one. From now on, Germany is satisfied. He can not do anything anymore. -I would like to recover
territories! Indeed, Hungary had been created with
restricted borders after the first world war. And many Hungarian people lived
in Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia. Hungarians and Germans, were among those people who had
disadvantaged in the boundaries. Hungary therefore annexes the south of Czechoslovakia where the Hungarians lived in November 1938. Then the eastern part in March 1939. At the same time, Germany was benefiting
to annex all Bohemia-Moravia who could no longer defend himself. Slovakia becomes independent and becomes
also a country allied to Germany. Thanks to these annexations, Germany is becoming
a country that has expanded its territory by reuniting the German people as
never. But in addition, she managed to create herself
a new diplomacy with Italy and Hungary. And leaving the UK and France to
side, these two countries wanting to avoid war. -Good, Germany is a little too much there. -We can not trust him so-so … Germany feels war at risk
burst. She signs a Steel Pact with Italy
to be sure to protect your border South. The Soviet Union, it sees a bad
eye the actions of Germany towards Slavic populations. But at the same time the Soviet Union
has some disputes with Poland about borders. For Germany, this is an opportunity to
make a new pact. -Listen Russia, I know that what I have
made to Czechoslovakia, it did not too much. But at the same time, I know you have some
views of Poland. And I too have it. Let’s make a non-aggression pact. -Hum … all right. I want to avoid war, you know. -I am the first to want to avoid
a war. It is the Germano-Soviet Pact. But Poland and the United Kingdom make a
alliance. What disrupts Germany that is put
aware. Germany wants only one thing, recover the Polish territories that separates
East Prussia from the rest of Germany. -Listen UK, I want no war. You neither. Calls on Poland to hold a referendum
in its territory to see if the inhabitants want to be attached
to Germany. There are plenty of Germans living there. But Poland refuses, Germany is not
not happy. She invented a problem by attacking
one of its own radio transmitters on August 31 1939. -Oulala, Poland attacked my transmitter
radio, already that they do not want to hold a referendum. On September 1st, 1939, Germany invaded
Poland. This is the beginning of the Polish Campaign but it’s also the beginning of the second
world War. Slovakia is also participating in the invasion. September 2nd. France and the United Kingdom consider that
it’s going too far. -List Germany, withdraw your troops otherwise
you are declared war. -We leave you until tomorrow! -I do not care ! Declare me war
If you want. September 3, the United Kingdom and France
declare war on Germany. Australia and New Zealand who are fully independent from the UK
now, declare war on Germany them
also. On the same day, a German submarine makes
sink a British passenger ship. Which marks the beginning of the battle of
Atlantic. More than a battle, it’s mostly a
campaign because it will last until the end of the war. In the Polish city of Bydgoszcz, the minority German population is massacred
by the Poles. For the Germans, it’s an excuse for
to carry out even more massacres in return. On September 7, 1939, France begins to
send soldiers to the Saarland. But Germany does not pay more attention
only that. France prefers to avoid going too much
far away because she really wants to avoid war. This is the beginning of what is called the
Funny war. This campaign will still do a lot
of victims but it remains quite novel in the sense
where none of the countries really wanted to put. September 8th, the United Kingdom and France
put in place a maritime blockade. A bit like that had been done during
World War I. Warsaw is taken the same day by the Germans. On September 17, the Soviet Union invades
in turn Poland but with an excuse. -Yes, I come to protect the Belarusian minorities
and Ukrainian living in Poland. My invasion is therefore purely pacifist. Very quickly the German armies and
Soviets cross at Brest. After stopping the various skirmishes, Poland is officially occupied on
September 28th. The Curzon Line that had already been proposed
few years ago allows to separate Germany from the Union
Soviet. The Polish government exiles in France
while waiting to recover his territory. Even the Czechoslovak army is exiled
in France. On October 6th, the Polish Campaign is over. Germany will annex small territories
small until October 19th where they will be part of Germany. -Did me Finland, I made some agreements
with the Baltic countries, and if we discussed our borders all
both ? But in the end, without finding any negotiations, the Soviet Union attacks Finland
November 30, 1939. This is the beginning of the Winter War. In punishment, the Soviet Union will be excluded
of the League of Nations. -Oulala, I’m really very sad. In short, in 1940, there is the war in Finland and some skirmishes between France and
Germany. But Germany wants to launch its big operation
against France. Belgium, however, discovers invasion plan and understands that Germany wants to go
by Belgium as during the first world war. -La France ! Germany will invade me and
attack you! -Again ? Mince, I should have built
the maginot line to the North Sea … -Finally I cancel for the moment because
I delayed everything and it makes me drunk. The only real war is therefore between
the Soviet Union and Finland. But even the Soviet Union is doing
wrong. -Finland, we can discuss it again
of our borders. -No, now that you’re in trouble,
we continue the war! The United Kingdom and France want to intervene. -Excuse us Norway, can we go through your territory
to help Finland? -No. -Norway, please! You do not want
to help me against the Soviet Union? -I am a neutral country. You do not understand the principle? Sweden and Denmark are also neutral. -Finland! Recognize the Soviet victory
and accept his peace. It will be easier and we will stop hostilities. -Very well USSR, I want to accept your
peace. -Too late ! Now I win again
of the field, so I continue. In March 1940, Finland surrenders. The Winter War is over. -Well here, for me the war is over because I’m neutral about
Germany’s actions elsewhere. Good luck for the future. But Germany knows that the United Kingdom
and France will soon invade Norway. She is therefore preparing for this eventuality. On April 8, 1940, the United Kingdom decided to
undermine the seas around Norway. The next day, Germany invades Denmark
and Norway at once. Denmark goes to Norway and begins
the Norway Campaign. May 10, while the war continues in
Norway, Germany is implementing the Yellow Plan which
is to attack France through Belgium. The Netherlands and Luxembourg are also affected. The funny war ends and leaves room
to a real war. It’s the Battle of France. On May 15, the Netherlands capitulates. On May 29, Belgium goes in turn. In June, the German armies penetrated well
France. June 5th, the battle of Dunkirk ends
with the evacuation of the British army and on June 10, France moves its government
in Tours she is capitulating. -Well I take this opportunity to declare the
war on France! In fact, Italy will not do much
to France. But that marks the beginning of the War of
desert between Italian Libya and Egypt which
is militarized by the United Kingdom. June 14, Paris declares itself open city
to be invaded without destruction. On June 15, the Soviet Union invades
the three Baltic countries. -Yes sorry but I take advantage, they were
there defenseless. But do not pay attention to me. I do not participate in your world conflict,
I am neutral. In France, the government is changing. Petain takes power and asks to stop
the fights. The next day, General de Gaulle
the June 18 call from London to ask to continue the fight. So there is on the one hand a government
French in exile in London and on the other, a French government
on the spot who surrendered. On June 22, France signs the armistice
with Germany. Then two days later with Italy. UK decides to break off relations
diplomatic relations with France. On July 10, 1940, the new government
French is born in Vichy. Northern France is occupied and Alsace-Lorraine is directly integrated
to Germany. In Africa, Italy invades Somalia
British since Italian Somalia. The United Kingdom and Germany continue
war on their side launching aerial bombardments. This is the beginning of the Battle of Britain. Chad, Cameroon and Congo, colonies
French, decide to join the free France
rather than the Vichy government. French Indochina, meanwhile, is
pro-Vichy and even authorizes the Japanese army to
to settle there. Italy invades Egypt in September
1940. In October, Germany is rather
good. But she must give up invading the UK
to not make too many losses. Italy is trying to invade Greece, she
already owned Albania she had annexed in 1938. -Hope Germany … I can not annex
Greece. Can you help me ? -Oh Italy, you’re supposed to help me
! But here we go, we are in late 1940 and Germany, despite some minor problems with the United Kingdom is still very happy to have
invaded France. -Now, I will be able to set up
my main plan. That of going to attack the Soviet Union
that I promised not to attack. Meanwhile, Germany sends its first
in Africa and Greece to help Italy who is in trouble. Yugoslavia is allied with Germany. Iraq too but is quickly invaded by the
United Kingdom. Yugoslavia undergoes a pro-British coup. In June 1941, that’s it, Germany has prepared
his armies in Poland to be able to attack the Soviet Union. It’s Operation Barbarossa. Other countries join forces with Germany
like Hungary and Romania. For Germany, it is obvious that
can not leave Russia intact, she might become a big power
military and tension could affect both countries. By preemptively attacking Russia, Germany wants to prevent this last
do not develop his army. Russia had already annexed a part
from Romania. But Russia was not ready to
war against Germany. The great political purges that touched
the country have simply made the army less
performance. -Yes, by the way, why did I do that?
already? I sentenced all my technicians to death. Anyway, I do not intend to make war
me. June 22, 1941, German planes start bombarding
Soviet airfields. And an hour later, the land army
return to Soviet territory, in particular in Minsk. -Germany! I was not supposed to participate
to your wars me! I had just annexed Poland like this. Leave me alone ! The Battle of Minsk ends on July 9,
Germany wins. The next day begins the Battle of Smolensk
which ends on September 10th. Germany wins again but with a lot
more difficulties than expected. Meanwhile, the United Kingdom and the United States
secretly discuss during the Atlantic Conference. -It is going to have to support the Soviet Union. -This war takes a turn that we
exceeds. In September, the United Kingdom invades Iran
who was friends with Germany and who has a lot of oil. The goal being to help the Soviet Union
to easily recover oil. -Thank you for this invasion. -No worries, we support you Russia. On the 8th of September, German armies arrive
in Leningrad, and that’s how a battle starts,
the Siege of Leningrad. The longest seat in history at the time. It can be said at that time that Germany
a little missed his operation Barbarossa because she was more delayed than expected
by the Soviet defense. On December 5, 1941, Germany decides
to stop fighting during the winter. -Good, it’s already winter. And it’s one of the coldest winters since
many years. I really have no luck. And I was almost reaching
Moscow. It’s going to be more complicated than expected
made… On December 7, 1941, Japan attacks
United States. They bomb the Pearl Harbor base at
Hawaïs. -Hey ! But am not at all in the conflict
me ! -You are neutral but you participate in embargos
against me. The United States officially commits
in the war alongside the British. From there, the war becomes really
world with fights in East Asia. The first big battle is the Battle
from Malaysia. Japan is trying to take this British colony and she gets there a month and a half later. Japan takes Singapore in February, it’s
the most strategic counter. During the winter of 1942, Japan had also
recovered the Philippines which were occupied by the United States. In May 1942 takes place the Battle of the Sea of
Coral which is a battle between aircraft carriers. A first in history. Japan wins against the United States but realizes that he will not be able to
to go further in the Pacific. In Libya takes place the Battle of Bir Hakeim in which the armed forces of France
Free fight for the first time. It’s a pro-British French victory. Following this battle, the Armed Forces
free France will prove that they are an issue, particularly in
French colonies. -Hum … These armies worry me. They could try France Vichy
to change sides. Germany is taking Crimea but it has not
failed to conquer Moscow. Moreover, she continues the war in Leningrad. In June 1942 takes place the Battle of Midway
where the United States beat Japan, it’s the turning point in the Pacific War. Japan takes Guadalcanal however. The Caucasus Campaign begins at this time
also. The goal is to recover the oil that
help the Soviet Union to stock up. August 19, 1942, the British allies
launch a landing attempt. These are mostly Canadian soldiers who
Are sent. But it’s a big failure. At the end of the summer of 1942 the Battle begins
from Stalingrad. For Germany, you have to recover this
city to protect the armies doing the Campaign
of the Caucasus. From there, we can say that there is
a real turning point in the war. Germany is ruining itself in
fighting the Russians. She will focus on Stalingrad to prevent the Soviet Union from
recovers oil. At the same time, French Algeria and
the Morocco are recovered by the pro-British forces using the armies of Free France. Tunisia is given to Germany by
the French state. -Good, I can not trust France. Even though she is my ally, the Forces
Free could change her mind. Germany occupies the South Zone of France
which was ruled by Vichy. The war continues in Tunisia, it is the
Tunisia Campaign. In January 1943 the Casablanca Conference takes place. -Good, Free France, you just recovered
your North African territories who were just before the Government of
Vichy. -Yes exact, it remains more than recovering
Tunisia which was invaded by the Germans. -Once it will be done, from Tunisia,
we can go to Europe. Either we go through Italy or we go
by the Balkans. The Balkans, it will be simpler but less
useful as Italy. In February 1943, the Soviets arrive
to encircle the German armies in Stalingrad. It’s official, Germany lost this
battle. For Germany, this loss announces
The beginning of the end. Free France makes Algiers its capital
temporary. From now on, with North Africa,
Anti-German forces have a good bastion. The Tunisian Campaign ends in May 1943
with the German defeat. June 10, the United States and their allies
invade the Italian island of Lampedusa. On July 10, 1943, they launch the landing
in Sicily which is a success. This is the beginning of the Italian Campaign. On July 5, 1943, the Germans had launched
the Battle of Kursk but the Soviet secret services were
already aware and well prepared. On July 23, 1943, Italy changed its
government and makes Mussolini fall. Italy becomes an ally of the United States. -Here I am. Come on, I’ve always been against Germany
in truth. At the end of August, the Soviet Union wins the
Battle of Kursk. It’s almost obvious, Germany does not
will not be able to win the war. In November 1943, the Conference of the
Cairo. -Listen China, Germany is in the process
to lose the war. We are counting on you to continue fighting
against Japan. It will not last long either. A few days after the conference takes place
from Tehran. -I am trying to fight
the Germans little by little … But we should open a new front at
faster ! -The Italian campaign is progressing well. It is expected to open a new front in
Balkans. -It is useless. The Balkans I can take care of it, it will be
easy, I finance the Yugoslav partisans. Do you have other projects ? -We will make a second landing. We think to do it in France. -Ah by the way. I would like to change the
borders of Poland. If you do not mind too much. To my advantage, what? -But Poland will become too small. -We will give him German territories,
we will manage. There are always solutions. The United States and the United Kingdom continue
the bombings on Germany to weaken the industries. In 1944, the Allies approached Rome. This is where the Battle of the Mount begins
Cassin in january and that will last several months. Then, in June, Rome is taken. In January 1944, Russia had succeeded in
recover Leningrad. The Soviet Union is a little quiet. The month of June 1944 is important for
allies. On the one hand, the United States and their allies
will launch the Normandy Landing, on the other, the Soviet Union will launch
Operation Bagration. The landing is a success. German armies provoke massacres
in France to fight the terrorism of the Resistance. In August, the Allied Forces arrive in Paris and the battle ends in the Liberation
from Paris on August 25, 1944. But the battles continue in France and gradually Belgium and then the Netherlands
are released. They then reach West Germany. On the western side, we can say that everything
is played in advance. July 24, 1944, The Soviet Army
discovers the Majdanek Camp which was in ruined, voluntarily destroyed by the Germans
to hide its usefulness. The Soviets discover that the government
German had set up extermination camps. On October 21, 1944, Aachen is taken
by the Allies. It’s the first big German city
to surrender. On the Eastern Front, the Soviets had
successfully achieved the liberation of Belarus. They launch a new operation, the Offensive
Vistula-Oder in January 1945. Crossing the Oder, they threaten directly
Berlin from February 1945. They discover at the same time the Camp
of extermination of Auschwitz who had not had time to be emptied
by the Germans. In February 1945 takes place the Conference of
Yalta. United States, United Kingdom and USSR are present. -Good guys, we now know we
go win, we will have to manage the reconstruction well
from Europe. -Me, just for info, I’m trying to
to manage well all Eastern Europe, and I think soon to capitulate
Germany. -You played very well USSR, we let you
fend for yourself in Eastern Europe and the manage then. -I would also like to have some territories
Japanese if possible. -Very good, we can not refuse you this
offer, it’s you who make almost the biggest
work. And for Germany, we dismember it or
not ? -On the dismember, too risky to leave it
independent after the war. The Yalta Conference inevitably marks
a taste of the cold war since the Americans and the Soviets
ask the question of the management of Europe after capitulation
German. Between February and March, the United States takes
Iwo Jima Island to the Japanese. Then they will bomb Tokyo regularly. On April 4, the Soviet army arrives
in Bratislava then they liberate Vienna on April 16th. On April 20, 1945, Soviet troops
encircle Berlin. Hitler will commit suicide 10 days later. On May 8, Germany finally capitulates. All the European allies of Germany
Nazi are conquered, the Second World War is over in
Europe. Italy is fully liberated on 25
April 1945. Germany and Austria are occupied
by the Allied forces. Japan does not want to surrender this-said. The United States continues the bombing. The latter having had time to work
on the development of nuclear power, can finally use an atomic bomb
early August. On August 6, 1945, the United States launched the
atomic bomb on Hiroshima and on August 9, 1945 they launch a second
on Nagasaki. The goal, throwing two bombs to three days
interval was to prove that the United States had
the capacity to launch atomic bombs in very little
of time. Which was wrong in reality. More than for Japan, the United States was looking for
to impress the Soviet Union who had just some views in Asia
at this moment. On September 2, 1945, Japan signs the armistice
and is occupied by the United States. All Japanese colonies are released but some are occupied by the powers
winning. European colonies in Asia are once again
Europeans after the fall of Japan but the independence movements are
much stronger than before. Now, the two big winners of this
war, United States and Soviet Union are going to be
in great rivalry. But that’s another story.

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